November 5, 2015

Dear Division 16,

We have been discussing the health of rivers in our Hydrosphere integrated unit.  For this week’s assignment, I’d like you to read at least two of the following articles about the Cohen Report.

The Cohen report was started in 2009 when there was a surprising decline in the salmon population in BC.  The articles below are responses to the Cohen report and are posted in order from old to new. Check the dates of the articles when you read them.  The last one is a current article.

http://www.cbc.ca/m/news/canada/british-columbia/no-smoking-gun-for-fraser-river-sockeye-salmon-collapse-1.1256706

http://www.davidsuzuki.org/blogs/science-matters/2013/10/one-year-after-cohen-report-salmon-still-face-an-upstream-battle/

http://www.ecojustice.ca/cohen-commission-final-report-released/

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/bcs-iconic-adams-river-salmon-run-off-to-a-grim-start/article27113272/

For your response, please consider the information in this article.  In your post, please respond to the information you’ve read and comment on the position that there are multiple reasons for the reduction in the salmon stocks. In your response, please comment on what steps you think ought to be taken to protect the Fraser River sockeye salmon. Include in your response any connections you make to information provided by our guest speakers so far. 

I look forward to your responses!

Jody

29 comments

  1. crazymemeslol123

    I would say that the prime minister better take more care about our sockeye salmon because it seems to be that there are no more sock eyes in the Fraser river and I it seems that you fishermen like to farm your salmon and when people it them they get sick because you farm your salmon you don’t let them go when they get sick that means when we eat them we get sick by the salmon sickness if that’s a real thing I would blame you fishermen for farming your salmons bears eat them because it’s part of life and you fishermen don’t know a thing about them they had a tough life brothers and sisters been eaten by bears and fishermen take them to there crowded farms full with other kinds of salmons now that’s what I call very cruel if I were one of them I would knock you out of your feet with my strong tail right at your face and yes I would like to help the pacific salmon a lot when I grow up because when I saw the acticle of the pacific salmon I felt very bad because I didn’t really understand that much of the article but I think it said something about smoking guns that take out sockeye salmon and then makes them sleep I think that would be a scary experience for the salmon.

  2. Amethyst

    I think that there are a lot of possibilities of what could’ve happened to the sockeye salmon and other kinds of salmon which I guess is sad because there could’ve been something that happened in the ocean that was really bad and affected a lot of the salmon. Well they could have someone who goes out where ever the salmon are in the ocean right before they come down the Fraser River to make sure that they are all fine or something like that. When I was in kindergarten or grade one I actually got to see the salmon so that was really cool now that I’m remembering about when I saw the salmon and that we’re talking about salmon.

  3. Rouge

    I think that it is really sad that we are the cause for the lack of salmon that came back to spawn a few years ago. The articles talked about some of the reasons why the salmon population rapidly decreased so fast. Some of the reasons are: pollution and contamination of the rivers and waters, developing buildings and houses near the river, and climate change. All of which are our fault. I think that we need to take big steps to saving the salmon population and keeping it up. Some of my ideas are: marking most of the land along the Fraser river “natural land” where only animals and wildlife can live. That way the water will stay clean and unpolluted from the humans that fish and swim there. We could also tag more salmon to find out where things go wrong in their journey home, and what we can do to fix what we caused. I remember that in the 10 page article we read they talked about how fish need to live in cold water to survive, in these articles they said that the Fraser River (where most salmon swim through) has warm water in result of climate change which ties back into Michelle’s talk about climate change. From her talk I learned that to reduce climate change we can: turn down the heat, stop fracking for fossil fuels and other things like that. So we can reduce how much energy and gas we use, to stop more need for digging up fossil fuels, to prevent climate change, and get the river back to a cold temperature for the salmon.

  4. Crazychicken lover

    I think the main reason for the dramatic decrese in the sockeye salmon stocks is climate change. I think it is climate change because theyre is so much trash and oil out in the ocean that they start to destroy the ocean and the sockeyes nutrients and maybe thats why they are smaller now. But they are many reasons like maybe the population of bears and other predators are growing while the sockeye salmon is getting fished greedily by big companies and predators. Or maybe the salmon just got sick of theyre home place and are starting to understand how they keep on getting caught and they are getting smarter. I hope that justing trudeau are prime minister is aware of this and what he might be able to do is make MUCH stronger laws on protecting salmon and or make a whole new breeding ground for them. Their are lots of things the government can do but they are just not doing it. (I mean the old government like the conservatives.)

  5. THEMANGO404 QWERTY

    I think that the reason why salmon numbers are declining in B.C. is because the ocean is heating up ( because of human activity) and so there is not enough oxygen in the water (there is more oxygen in colder water) for the salmon, so they can’t breath and then die. I also think that they are dying because of human fracking for coal, oil and natural gas in the Fraser river. Fracking takes a whole lot of water, chemicals and sand. People take water for fracking from the Fraser river watershed. The chemicals are polluting the water and then the polluted water is then getting injected back underground. From there, it finds its way to another Fraser river water system and pollutes it. Ways that we can stop damaging the Fraser river water are:
    #1 STOP FRACKING. This will make there be less dirty water in the Fraser river watershed because the chemicals like benzene won’t be able to get into the ecosystem and the river will be safe.
    #2 Don’t throw bottles and plastic bags away, recycle them. Because landfills are normally near rivers this will make it so plastic bags and bottles don’t get into the Fraser River and choke any of the animals in it, like sockeye salmon.
    #3 Don’t create erosion because then dirt and rocks will get into the creeks and make it harder for salmon eggs to hatch and grow and harder for salmon to spawn.
    #4 Use less electricity. Dams that create electricity also kill some fish in the process. If you don’t use as much electricity, like not using your dryer for small loads, you will prevent the need for dams to be used.

    • dickensdiv16

      Great thinking here, THEMANGO404! You’ve done a comprehensive job reflecting the learning from our guest speakers and combining this with our other discussion about actions we can all consider. Great work!

  6. super cheese cake

    I think what really happened to the sockeye salmon is because the ocean might be polluted because humans were drilling too much fossil fuels or because the climate changes so causes the salmons environment for living might got too hot and still because we are burning too much fossil fuel. And there are some scientist showed that the salmons are suppose to be 1.2 millions of them and there are just 3000 of them “I’ve never see that less salmon ” said the scientist. I think what we can do is to investigate the reasons more clearly. If the government find out the problem we should make laws to prevent the problem happens again.
    And to decrease the carbon dioxide, if you are going some where near by, just walk instead of driving and use the public transit. Also restrict fossil fuel drilling and using to decrease pollution to the ocean.
    And for the last one we should restrict the development alone shoreline so that the ocean environment won’t be changed that much.

  7. iron lanturn

    I think the prime minister should take salmon as a issue in the environment.
    its really surprising how many went to to the ocean compared to how many got back.
    3 million went and 3000 got back.
    so the next year the salmon run is going super duper tiny maybe less then a 1000. :[
    maybe what really happened is the salmon got eaten.
    another thing that could of happened was the water was so polluted they died.
    we could of done this or something else could’ve polluted the water.
    a way we could stop that is to NOT FRACK.
    away to make the salmon run bigger would be to put fences in some areas down the rivers.
    not the whole way because bares would die.
    hopefully the government will investigate more…
    but until then lets make the salmon run bigger!!!

  8. smeagaleater10

    I agree that there is multiple reasons that the sockeye salmon runs have declined, such as climate change, contaminates in the water, and open net salmon farms in the Discovery Islands. I think that a way to increase the amount of sockeye salmon that come in each run is to stop the amount of chemicals injected into the ground which will sooner or later finds it’s way into the water. Another way is to shut down the salmon farms because they are the main spreaders of sockeye salmon diseases and harm many salmon.

    • dickensdiv16

      Smeagaleater10, these are a number of factors we have leaned about in our presentations and readings that can affect the lives of salmon! I can tell you are really paying attention!

  9. The Baconator

    Reading those articles I don’t exactly feel surprised that that this problem occurred. Everyone predicted that this would happen even though nobody wanted it to happen, it happened because the government ignore it and that is why we have to change personally

  10. TechNerd

    I think we can do a couple of things to protect the Salmon, Right now the salmon are very precious as there are not many in the Fraser river. I think that the price could be highered for the salmon but still it will not make a huge difference. Another thing we could do is set a limit on how many you can catch every week or day. I have a question, Don’t you think that the salmon might not be so healthy if they are sort’ve being held captive in huge tanks where they do salmon Farming?

  11. ginger

    I think that it’s really important that sockeye salmon in the Fraser River stay healthy and plentiful. It is important that animals that eat salmon, such as eagles, bears and orcas, still have enough food to eat. Due to the fishing industry, industrial building, and containment of rivers, there are fewer sockeye salmon in the Fraser River. In my opinion, fishing for sockeye salmon in B.C. should be catch and release only for the next 10 years. Ten years will hopefully give the salmon populations enough to recover sufficiently from these negative impacts. As well, it will be important for fish farms to be more thoroughly monitored to avoid diseases being passed to wild salmon. When Andaleeb Morales did her presentation on the Fraser River, she talked about how she watched First Nations groups catch and eat salmon. If the catch and release law was put into action, we would need to ensure that aboriginal people still have the right to catch and eat salmon because this is their land and we need to respect their traditional ways of living.

  12. Joaquin

    I think why we are seeing a decease in sockeye salmon is because of over fishing, I think that there needs to be a limit enforced for how many salmon can be fished every season and serious punishments for people who break these rules. I think that climate change has also affected the salmon numbers too; it has gotten warmer and the water temperatures have changed. The Cohen Commission noted that climate change is one of the biggest stressors for salmon and that the water temperatures for the Fraser River are only going to continue to warm. I remember that Karen talked to us about fracking and the effects it has on the environment, also that it can contaminate the surrounding areas.

    I think to protect future sockeye salmon we will have to protect the water they live in from pollution, increasing water temperatures in the Fraser river and fish farms that are causing devastating effects on wild salmon. On the David Suzuki website he has this pamphlet that talks about the effects of farmed salmon; http://www.davidsuzuki.org/publications/downloads/2010/CAAR-think-twice.pdf. It has a lot of information and pictures that helped me see what the farming of salmon does.

  13. PG Dinosaur

    i think we need to protect the sockeye salmon and the water where they are because pollution is killing them plus we should stop fish farms not only here but in the whole world to because fish are part of the food chain and if fish all die we could to…

  14. baconguy

    I do really agree with the theory for last one about how Alaska was releasing too many fish and they were eating all the food because it makes sense then why the fish turned up a pound lighter. Also, it would be harder for them to go upstream and they would be easier pray, if they didn’t die of starvation. The theory could work with the other problem, too, although I think that climate change was the biggest threat. To protect the fish, I think that less fossil fuels being burned and less pollution are key.

  15. DLTMGYD

    I think that what is happening is very bad and can lead to some very bad things and that we to help more on this situation. I also think that they are working very hard on this and we do have hope but we do have a big problem if we don’t do anything about climate change and people polluting the rivers. We could inform more people about this problem and have them properly educated on this so that we can help change it.

  16. Sr.Fruitcake

    I think that the declining salmon populations are a horrible thing. We should be doing more to help, I think that there are many possible steps to take and that we should be very careful what we do as the salmon are a very important part of our eco system. I think that what Cohen said about the DFO’s priorities is a very interesting point, I think that it will be interesting to see what parts of Cohen’s report they will follow through on. I also wonder if there are ways of incorporating what Cohen said and also upholding both sides of the deal for the DFO. I think that we should just be careful with our environment in general and be extra careful with that of the Fraser River.

  17. den10@sea43

    Well the for the first step I think that we should take less sockeye salmon and more of salmon. Also we should not let any more fish farms and we should maybe tax people if they get to many. Also we should have some ponds or rives that have lots of salmon and it would be illegal to fish for salmon there or set up fish farms. Another thing is that we should stop using big bots that could have an oil leak. Also no big polluting companies near the lake or river. Also it would be illegal to take the water from the river.
    And thats what I would do.

  18. Arctic owl

    Step 1# is that should be taken is fishermen should not be aloud to catch fish just until the fish start to stock up again . Because who knows maybe its the fishermen that are taking the salmon out of the river before they get counted that might be whats happening .
    Step 2# stop fracking any where near the fraser river because if drillers do then the water can get very dirty and deadly then all the fish will die then Canada will have barley any salmon or worse none .

  19. Soccerboy123ABC

    for the first step i think that we should be careful about where you are able to FRACK because as the water tank trucks take water out of the streams that might have salmon going to lay eggs it will decrease the water level in the river and all the predators will have a much easier time getting the salmon.I also think that we should lower the amount of fish farms because all animals change the environment it just depends on how many there are in the environment so if we put more salmon in the environment there might be more eggs .bigger amount of fish coming back or there might be less plankton,shrimp and insects.

  20. balloongirl123

    There is no smoking gun to explain the steady and profound decline of the Fraser river Sockeye according to the B.C. Superme court of justice who led a two and half year inquiry into the collapse.

  21. xaxo6 04

    The pollution that the city creates has a big factor in the decline of salmon that habitat B.C’s waters. Also the use of them as a food on the already declining population. Well fishing a few a day for food doesn’t have negative consequences but fishing a few thousand a day has major consequences. In order to protect the salmon we need to lower the daily fishing amount and discourage the ships so there is a maximum number of ships to fish salmon along the coast.

  22. Pandatush

    Pollution is the biggest problem for salmon. The ocean is their home and when the water is polluted they can’t really live. If we tried to stop fishing in places that are low in salmon, the population could grow back up. If company’s had a limit to how much salmon they fish, it might help.

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